2014年6月英语六级听力真题(第3套)|2014年6月英语六级听力真题 第3套(MP3+试题+答案+原文+解析)

英语六级 2020-03-21 17:16:37 英语六级
[摘要]Section A  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations At the end of each conversation, one or more que外语>初高英语


Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the
questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A ), B., C. and D ), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

1. A. Surfing the net. 
B. Watching a talk show. 
C. Packing a birthday gift.
D. Shopping at a jewelry store.
2. A. He enjoys finding fault with exams.
B. He is sure of his success in the exam.
C. He doesn't know if he can do well in the exam.
D. He used to get straight A's in the exams he took.
3. A. The man is generous with his good comments on people.
B. The woman is unsure if there will be peace in the world.
C. The woman is doubtful about newspaper stories.
D. The man is quite optimistic about human nature.
4. A. Study for some profession. 
B. Attend a medical school. 
C. Stay in business.
D. Sell his shop.
5. A. More money. 
B. Fair treatment. 
C. A college education.
D. Shorter work hours.
6. A. She was exhausted from her trip, 
B. She missed the comforts of home. 
C. She was impressed by Mexican food.
D. She will not go to Mexico again.
7. A. Cheer herself up a bit. 
B. Find a more suitable job. 
C. Seek professional advice.
D. Take a psychology course.
8. A. He dresses more formally now. 
B. What he wears does not match his position. 
C. He has ignored his friends since graduation.
D. He failed to do well at college.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
9. A. To go sightseeing. 
B. To have meetings. 
C. To promote a new champagne.
D. To join in a training program.
10. A. It can reduce the number of passenger complaints.
B. It can make air travel more entertaining.
C. It can cut down the expensds for air travel.
D. It can lessen the discomfort caused by air travel.
11. A. Took balanced meals with champagne. 
B. Ate vegetables and fruit only. 
C. Refrained from fish or meat.
D. Avoided eating rich food.
12. A. Many of them found it difficult to exercise on a plane.
B. Many of them were concerned with their well-being.
C. Not many of them chose to do what she did.
D. Not many of them understood the program.

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
13. A. At a fair. 
B. At a cafeteria. 
C. In a computer lab.
D. In a shopping mall.
14. A. The latest computer technology. 
B. The organizing of an exhibition. 
C. The purchasing of some equipment.
D. The dramatic changes in the job market.
15. A. Data collection. 
B. Training consultancy. 
C. Corporate management.
D. Information processing

  Section B
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A., B., C. and D ). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a, single line through the centre.

  Passage One
  Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
16. A. Improve themselves. 
B. Get rid of empty dreams. 
C. Follow the cultural tradition.
D. Attempt something impossible.
17. A. By finding sufficient support for implementation.
B. By taking into account their own ability to change.
C. By constantly keeping in mind their ultimate goals.
D. By making detailed plans and carrying them out.
18. A. To show people how to get their lives back to normal.
B. To show how difficult it is for people to lose weight.
C. To remind people to check the calories on food bags.
D. To illustrate how easily people abandon their goals.

  Passage Two
  Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.
19. A. Michael's parents got divorced. 
B. Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson. 
C. Karen's mother died in a car accident.
D. A truck driver lost his life in a collision.
20. A. He ran a red light and collided with a truck. 
B. He sacrificed his life to save a baby girl. 
C. He was killed instantly in a burning car.
D. He got married to Karen's mother.
21. A. The reported hero turned to be his father. 
B. He did not understand his father till too late. 
C. Such misfortune should have fallen on him.
D. It reminded him of his miserable childhood.

  Passage Three
  Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
22. A. Germany. 
B. Japan. 
C. The US. 
D. The UK.
23. A. By doing odd jobs at weekends. 
B. By working long hours every day. 
C. By putting in more hours each week.
D. By taking shorter vacations each year.
24. A. To combat competition and raise productivity. 
B. To provide them with more job opportunities. 
C. To help them maintain their living standard.
D. To prevent them from holding a second job.
25. A. Change their jobs. 
B. Earn more money.
C. Reduce their working hours.
D. Strengthen the government's role.

  Section C
  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea.  When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  Nursing, as a typically female profession, must deal constantly with the false impression that nurses are there to wait on the physician. As nurses, we are (26)to provide nursing care only. We do not have any legal or moral (27) any physician. We provide health teaching, assess physical as well as emotional problems, (28 ) patient-related services, and make all of our nursing decisions based upon what is best or suitable for the patient. If, in any circumstance, we feel that a physician's order is inappropriate or unsafe, we have a legal(29 )to question that order or refuse to carry it out.
     Nursing is not a nine-to-five job with every weekend off. All nurses are aware of that before they enter the profession. The emotional and (30)stress, however, that occurs due to odd working hours is a(31) reason for a lot of the career dissatisfaction. It is sometimes required that we work overtime, and that we change shifts four or five times a month. That disturbs our personal lives,(32)our sleeping and eating habits, and isolates us from everything except job-related friends and activities.
     The quality of nursing care is(33 )dramatically by these situations. Most hospitals are now staffed by new graduates, as experienced nurses finally give up trying to change the system. Consumers of (34 ) related services have evidently not been affected enough yet to demand changes(35).  But if trends continue as predicted, they will find that most critical hospital care will be provided by new, inexperienced, and sometimes inadequately trained nurses.

1. A.【精析】事实细节题。对话中,女士责怪男士又在上网,并告诉他到脱口秀的时间了;男士回答说自己正在看一家珠宝店的网站。本题的关键是听懂site “网站”。显然这位男士正在浏览网上商铺。surf原意为“冲浪”,常与Internet连用,表示“上网”。

2. B.【精析】语义理解题。女士说她从未见过男士对考试如此有信心,男士说不仅仅是有信心,如果他得不到A,那就是考试本身的问题了。由此可知,他确信此次考试必然成功。
3. D.【精析】综合理解题。女士首先说报纸上的新闻都是关于谋杀、死亡和战争的,问男士是否还相信人性本善;男士给了一个肯定的回答“我当然相信”。显然他对人的本性持乐观态度。
4. C.【精析】推理判断题。男士认为Tom说打算卖掉商店去上学是在开玩笑,女士赞同男士的看法,因为Tom已经说过好多次“放弃生意去上学”这样的话了。故可以判断Tom不会去上学,而是继续从商。
5. A.【精析】语义理解题。对话中女士说老板对男士的印象很好,打算每个月给他多放两天假;男士回答他不希望这样,他宁愿多工作多赚钱供孩子上大学。这里的bucks意为“美元”,是非正式用语。
6. B.【精析】语义理解题。对话中男士询问女士对墨西哥之行的看法,女士回答说她厌倦了旅馆和旅馆的食物,并引用了谚语“金窝、银窝,不如自己的草窝。”由此可以断定女士很想念家的舒适。
7. C.【精析】语义理解题。女士说她担心Anna,因为她最近很沮丧,整天待在屋子里;男士建议Anna去咨询中心(counseling centre.看精神科医生。看精神科医生的目的当然是要寻求医生的专业建议。
8. A.【精析】推理判断题。男士说自己几乎认不出Sam来了,因为他现在总是穿西服打领带;女士同意男士的看法,说上大学的时候Sam总是穿着旧T恤衫和牛仔裤。由此可以推断Sam比过去穿得正式。go around意为“四处走动”。
9. B.【精析】目的原因题。女士说她在纽约开了很多会,没有时间参观这座城市。由此可以断定,女士去纽约的目的是开会。
11.D.【精析】细节推断题。女士列举了自己做的健康训练:不喝酒和咖啡,不吃肉和油腻的食物,喝大量的水和果汁,吃健康食谱上的食物——这些食物口味清淡,有鱼、蔬菜、面条等,还做了一些运动。选项中只有D.项符合文意。rich food意为“油腻的食物”。
12. C.【精析】推理判断题。女士说没有多少人做运动,很多人都喝香槟而不是矿泉水,显然多数乘客都没有做女士所做的事。
13. A.【精析】场景推断题。女士询问男士是不是第一次来商品展览会,由此推断这个对话应该发生在商品展览会上。cafeteria意为“自助餐厅”。
14. C.【精析】推理判断题。男士说他需要一个文字处理器(word processor),女士向男士推荐MR5000,说它有一个除了文字处理还有其他功能的系统;男士询问了这个处理器的价格,女士对此做出了回
15. B.【精析】事实细节题。女士询问男士的业务范围,男士回答他们是一个培训咨询公司。line of business表示“业务范围”。A.“数据收集”、C.“公司管理”、D.“信息处理”,均与对话不符。
16. A.【精析】推理判断题。短文开头说到人们常把新年看作是新的开始,开始设计理想的自我,或是一个与现在不同的形象,由此可以断定人们把新年看作是一个改善自我的机会。
20.B.【精析】细节推断题。本题考查故事的经过,由短文中间处可知Michael’s father就是救出小女孩的Anderson,他因伤势过重两天后去世。
24. A.【精析】目的原因题。短文提到公司由于面临严酷的竞争,并且产量增长缓慢,所以强迫员工延长工作时问,故选A.“应对竞争,增加产量”。presssb.to do sth.表示“强迫某人做某事”。
25. C.【精析】事实细节题。短文结尾部分提到,许多人愿意减少工作时间,即便这意味着收入的减少,故选C.“减少工作时间”。

26. licensed
【精析】语义推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处填入的动词应该能与are以及后面的动词不定式to provide连用。听录音可得答案为licensed。Be licensed to do sth.表示“有资格做某事”。
27.obligation to
【精析】习惯搭配题。分析句子结构可知,此处缺少宾语和能够引导空格后成分的介词。根据上下文可知此处所填的词应该表示“义务,责任”。听录音可得答案为obligation to。have obligation to...表示“对……有义务或责任”。
33.being affected
【精析】句意推断题。分析句子结构可知,空格所在句子缺少谓语成分,根据空格前后的is和by推测,此处应填入动词的.ed形式构成被动语态。结合录音可填入being affected。affect意为“影响,感动”。
35.in our medical system
【精析】语义推断题。分析句子结构可知,空格所在句子不缺少主干成分,故推测空格在句子中作限制或修饰成分。结合录音可填入in our medicalsystem,意为“在我们的医疗体系中”。


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